List and Examples of Push Factors
List and Examples of Pull Factors
Political Factor: Cuba was subject to the Spanish rule and the first Cuban exiles or migrants fled the political autocracy of Spain to the United States of America in 1823.
The first Cuban migrants were wealthy and established new lives in Miami and other areas of Florida where they enjoyed freedom from the Spanish. The Cuban migrants hoped that the US would annex Cuba and in 1848 President Polk offered Spain $100 million for Cuba but it was refused
Political Factor: Spain increased taxes and their autonomy increased as they prevented any Cubans holding a position in government. Spain also established the 'reconcentrado' policy (concentration camp system) against Cuban rebels.This led to a series of Cuban revolts: The Ten Years' War (1868–1878), Little War (1879–1880) and the Cuban War of Independence (1895–1898
Cuban migrants fled violence and political conflict and persecution to the safety of America
Political Factor: The Spanish-American War (April 25, 1898 – August 12, 1898) erupted in 1898 caused by the strict Spanish policies in Cuba and the struggle for Cuban independence from Spain. The 1898 Treaty of Paris by which Cuba became independent from Spain and the Spanish agreed to remove all soldiers from Cuba.
The treaty placed a condition on the US military's presence in Cuba whereby the U.S. could not annex Cuba but only leave the "control of the island to its people." America was seen as a supporter of Cuba and many migrants moved to the US to join other Cuban exiles.
Environmental Factor: The 1932 Cuba earthquake caused devastation in which over 1500 people died and resulted in the loss of many homes.
Wealthy Cubans emigrated to the United States of America for a safer and more stable and secure future.
Political and Economic Factor: In 1959, Fidel Castro and his Communist regime took over Cuba. In 1960 all US businesses in Cuba were nationalised without compensation.
Between 1959-1960 250,000 Cuban migrants fled the Communist regime for the freedom from political persecution and safety of America seeking a better quality of life and new employment
Economic Factor: The economic conditions imposed by the Communist region worsened
Cuban immigrants between 1965-1973 totalled 300,000 to escape the economic constraints of Communism
Political and Social Factor : Various laws had been passed in the United States to restrict the numbers of immigrants. The Hart-Cellar Act passed in 1965 lifted origin by nation restrictions on immigration
Some people took the opportunity joined friends and family who had established new lives in the United States.
Environmental and Social Factor: The harsh policies of Fidel Castro increased leading to imprisonment and detainment in mental institutions
People left Cuba to the safer environment of America and to join their friends and family who had settled in America.
|Economical and Political Factors: 1989 saw the end of the Soviet Union’s economic aid to Cuba and this, together with the U.S. trade embargo, economic hardship for many Cubans.|
Another wave of Cuban immigrants seized the opportunity to build a new life and gain new employment and a better standard of living in America.
Environmental Factor: In 2008 Hurricanes Gustav and Ike inflicted the worst storm damage in the history of Cuba. The hurricanes caused $5bn (£2.8bn) of damage, affecting nearly 450,000 homes with over 200,000 people left homeless
Cubans emigrated to the United States to build new lives and homes
Examples and List of Push Factors for kids
Examples and List of Pull Factors for kids